PhD Degree: Second Year
By the start of the second year, most PhD students have begun work on the research project that will lead to their dissertation. During this year, students take Responsible Conduct of Scientific Research course, which examines the moral and philosophical issues confronting scientists, and continue to take electives based on their research interests as well as courses required by their program.
In Grant Writing, a popular course, students learn to write grant applications under the supervision of a professor. Then, the entire class acts as a peer-review panel, as funding agencies do, in critiquing all the grant proposals.
Students pass a qualifying exam to become candidates for the doctoral degree. This exam is scheduled by the end of the second year.