Qualitative Research: Resources

Qualitative Research Textbooks

Print Textbooks:

Doing Qualitative Research (Research Methods for Primary Care)
Benjamin F. Crabtree (Editor), William L. Miller (Editor)One of the most-cited and used textbooks for conducting qualitative research in primary care, as well as in health care and public health research more broadly See Amazon Record External Icon

The Research Methods Knowledge Base, 3rd ed
William Trochim, Ph.D., James P. Donnelly, Ph.D. An excellent general-usage research methods texts with qualitative content See Publisher Record External Icon

30 Essential Skills for the Qualitative Researcher John Creswell. Short exercises to orient and improve qualitative thinking. See Publisher Record External Icon

Online Textbooks:

e-Source Behavioral and Social Science Research External Icon (A free online methodology sourcebook from the Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research {OBSSR} at NIH)
*See especially Qualitative Methods External Icon and Software and Qualitative Analysis External Icon sections*

Research Methods Knowledge Base External Icon (Free online version of paperback text listed under "Print Textbooks")
*See especially Qualitative Methods section External Icon*

Using Qualitative Methods in Healthcare Research External Icon RWJ-sponsored Qualitative Research Guidelines Project- a website useful for people developing, evaluating and engaging in qualitative research projects in healthcare settings.

Example papers using qualitative methods:

"Qualitative and Mixed Methods" External Icon - a collection of methodological articles pertaining to qualitative and mixed methods

Use of Focus Group Data & "Immersion-Crystallization" analysis:
Reis S, Biderman A, Mitki R, Borkan JM. Secrets in primary care: a qualitative exploration and conceptual model.J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Sep;22(9):1246-53. Epub 2007 May 9. External Icon

Multi-Method (observation, records, interviews, surveys, focus groups)
Nutting PA, Crabtree BF, Miller WL, Stewart EE, Stange KC, Jan CR. Journey to the patient-centered medical home: a qualitative analysis of the experiences of practices in the National Demonstration Project. Ann Fam Med. 2010;8 Suppl 1:S45-56; S92. External Icon

Document Content Analysis
Cummings KM, Morley CP, Horan JK, Steger C, Leavell NR. Marketing to America's youth: evidence from corporate documents. Tob Control. 2002 Mar;11 Suppl 1:I5-17. External Icon

In-depth Narrative Interviews w/ phenomenological analysis
Kristiansen M, Tjrnhj-Thomsen T, Krasnik A. "Sometimes you just have to walk alone"-meanings of emotional support among danish-born and migrant cancer patients.J Psychosoc Oncol. 2010 Nov;28(6):699-717. External Icon

Qualitative Analysis Software:

The following packages are useful in helping organize and code large bodies of qualitative data:

NVivo - http://www.qsrinternational.com/products_nvivo.aspx External Icon

Atlas Ti - http://www.atlasti.com/ External Icon

The following packages offer useful adjunct or mixed quant/qual approaches to analyzing qualitative data:

Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC2007) - http://www.liwc.net/ External Icon

The Concept System for concept mapping - http://www.conceptsystems.com/ External Icon

Other Resources:

Real qualitative researchers do not count: the use of numbers in qualitative research by Margarete Sandelowski. See PubMed Record External Icon

Techniques to Identify Themes by Gery Ryan and H. Russell Bernard See Online PDF copy PDF Icon External Icon

Doing Feminist Research in Political and Social Science by Brooke Ackerly and Jacqui True See Publisher Record External Icon

Tales of the Field (On Writing Ethnography) by John VanMaanen
See Amazon Record External Icon

Key Themes in Qualitative Research by Paul Atkinson, Amanda Coffey, and Sara Delamont
See Amazon Record External Icon

Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data by Herbert J. Rubin and Irene S. Rubin
See Amazon Record External Icon

Tricks of the Trade: How to Think About Your Research While You're Doing It by Howard S. Becker
See Amazon Record External Icon

R.E. Brown, Qualitative Research Lecture:
A presentation by Dr. Roberta E. Goldman on conducting qualitative research, about 1hr 10 minutes long. External Icon
Archived by the Department of Family Medicine at the Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University